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Film Completed   /  Amanda King

Where The Water Starts

We need to be armed with the best of Aboriginal connection and of regenerative science to move forward together.


Impact areas





  • DIRECTOR Amanda King

  • PRODUCER Fabio Cavadini



The Snowy Mountains is home to the headwaters of the Snowy, Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers yet the delicate alpine ecosystem that supports these vital water sources is being trampled.
The alpine area that covers only 0.01 of Australia's inhabited land mass is under threat from a combination of the impacts of feral animals, artificial water flows and climate change.
Where The Water Starts reveals how this fragile alpine region, particularly Kosciuszko National Park, the largest in the Australian Alps is seen by a number of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who were born or live in the southern mountains area, or who care deeply about it.
The film brings together respected Aboriginal community leaders including Uncle Max Dulumunmun Harrison, Aunty Sue Bulger, Aunty Rhonda Casey, Bruce Pascoe as well as alpine river guide, Richard Swain and his partner Alison, and local farmer, Sterling Dixon, scientist, Prof David Watson, former parks officer, Paul Hardey and academic, Dr Isa Menzies.
The film reflects on their ideas around caring for country as a shared responsibility of all Australians; that the best of Aboriginal connection and the best of regenerative science can work together for a better future for the alpine environment and to protect the habitats of 34 threatened native species.

Support this project

72.51% funded
  • $70,000.00

  • $50,760.00

  • 1st December 2021

  • 175

Minimum amount is $ Maximum amount is $





Jessica Steiger-Thorpe $1,000.00
Charmian Eckersley $150.00
Penny Howard $50.00
melissa mcadam $500.00
Tracey Carpenter $50.00
Anonymous $100.00
Susan Dorrian $100.00
David PIGGOTT $200.00
Bob Phelps $100.00
Dallis Tanner $50.00
Helen Reid $50.00
Beth Phelan $200.00
Narelle Johnson $50.00
Vera Zaccari $250.00
Jeremy Bear $25.00
Wendy Bacon $100.00
Mark and Fran Westcott and Mcilroy $50.00
Anthony Maughan $100.00
Luca Reading $50.00
Anthony Oldfield $1,000.00
David Hood $100.00
Colin Giddens $100.00
Heidi Lincoln $500.00
Anonymous $250.00
Lydia Kovach $800.00
Jamie McMechan $100.00
Peter Ireland $100.00
Niall Edwards-FitzSimons $100.00
Anonymous $500.00
Heather Goodall $100.00
Anne Noonan $100.00
Margaret Mahoney $50.00
Giuseppe Scuro $200.00
Anonymous $100.00
Elizabeth Glasson $150.00
Cinzia Guaraldi $100.00
Toni McLeish $100.00
Barbara Chobocky $100.00
Suzie Walker $100.00
Deidre Bear $100.00
Nathan Lygon $200.00
James Kesteven $50.00
Angela Hall Best $100.00
Jacki Bond $100.00
Susan Bear $500.00
James Godfrey $300.00
Jodie Hampshire $100.00
Doriana Boscolo $100.00
Claire Tan $50.00
Amelia Zaraftis $100.00
Anonymous $50.00
Sharyn Foulis $25.00
bruno di biase $200.00
Anonymous $50.00
Bruno Di Biase $200.00
Anonymous $100.00
Silvio Ofria $100.00
Hayden Smith $5,000.00
Andree Kelly $50.00
Arnold Hindhaugh $50.00
Anonymous $100.00
Ché Godfrey $20.00
Peter Murphy $100.00
Ronda Bottero $100.00
Cathy Gill $100.00
Claudia Taranto $50.00
Lee Rhiannon $100.00
Roberto Pettini $200.00
Alison Lyssa $50.00
Rodolfo Ricci $50.00
Sonja Sedmak $50.00
Bruno Di Biase $50.00
Anonymous $500.00
AlexOonagh Redmond $100.00
Camilla Bettoni $500.00
Ran De Silva $30.00
Maria Smith $10.00
Bruno Di Biase $500.00
Offline Donation [Anonymous] $500.00
Anonymous $200.00
Felix Hearn $100.00
Anonymous $148.10
Linda Broome $100.00
Anonymous $100.00
Cassi Plate $50.00
Kel Dummett $10.00
Jamie McMechan $100.00
Colin Hesse $50.00
Rose Nakad $50.00
Andrew Stanger $50.00
Christina Mimmocchi $20.00
Raife Smith $50.00
Offline Donation [FILEF] $100.00
Offline Donation [GINO MOLITERNO] $500.00
Anonymous $500.00
Anonymous $500.00
Tom Zubrycki $60.00
Emily Presser-King $50.00
Anonymous $50.00
Bruno Di Biase $60.00
Vivienne Porzsolt $50.00
Bruno Di Biase $70.00
Jill Langton $50.00
James Kesteven $100.00
[Offline Donation] Stephen Langford $100.00
Anonymous $302.69
Laurie westcott $50.00
Margaret Mahoney $30.00
Geraldene Dalby-Ball $50.00
Anonymous $1,000.00
Anonymous $50.00
Anonymous $20.00
Anonymous $50.00
Don Driscoll $500.00
Marie-Louise Taylor $50.00
Kathryn Lovric $500.00
Megan Williams $50.00
Anonymous $500.00
Angela Best $50.00
Jane Grant $20.00
Anonymous $500.00
Chris ROPER $200.00
David Swain $50.00
Anonymous $500.00
Susan Ambler $100.00
Anonymous $30.00
Elisabeth Barry $30.00
P Grigulis $100.00
Anonymous $294.21
Jane Manning $100.00
Rhonda Casey $30.00
Chris Cahill $100.00
Paul Hardey $50.00
Gregory Miller $100.00
Tony Radevski $100.00
Rhonda Grovenor $30.00
Tammy Safi $100.00
Sam Altman $100.00
Anthony Ashbolt $100.00
John Reynolds $200.00
Vivien langford $500.00
Raife Smith $50.00
Paul Dwyer $200.00
Glenys Roper $100.00
Shelley Ashbolt $100.00
Francis Panucci $200.00
Greg Watts $100.00
Carolyn Pettigrew $100.00
David Russell $50.00
Mike Fowler $50.00
Eileen Haley $100.00
Pat Swain $100.00
Helen Martin $100.00
Fred Green $200.00
Don Fletcher $200.00
John Evans $100.00
Merran Laver $25.00
Anonymous $2,000.00
Rob Gibbs $100.00
Anonymous $250.00
Alison and Richard Swain $100.00
Neale Towart $200.00
Linda Groom $20.00
Jannelle Stein $50.00
Anonymous $200.00
Didi King $500.00
Offline Donation $5,000.00
Jillian Reid $100.00
Marrickville Peace Group $300.00
Offline Donation [NED Foundation Social Developers Network (SDN)] $10,000.00
Judy O'Donnell $100.00
John Hughes $100.00
Anonymous $200.00
Jo Blackman $50.00
Rosie Kubb $1,500.00

Issue Summary

A short summary of the issue the documentary is addressing

Australia's fragile natural environment is being ravaged by bush fires, extreme weather events that are a direct result of climate change. Traditional farming techniques and the impact of feral animals are doing great harm to waterways, indigenous species and Indigenous cultural heritage. Neglect and contempt for Aboriginal land management practices has also played a part. This film seeks to empower those protecting our fragile ecosystems to promote action in its defence. Specifically it looks at the alpine region of Australia, a fragile and small area which is facing challenges from the impact of feral animals, artificial water flows, tourism over-development as well as the broader impacts of global warming.


What is the impact vision statement of the documentary?

The film will raise awareness about the real impacts of climate change on Australia's highly unique and fragile ecosystems. Audiences will see a specific story about the Snowy Monaro region where the campaign to reduce numbers of feral animals that threaten key water sources and the habitat of endangered native species, is being waged. Integral to alpine species survival is the need to protect their habitat. The film will direct audiences to NGOs and wildlife groups tackling these issues.


What outcomes does the project hope to achieve from making this documentary?

Short Term outcomes include a shift in attitudes and a growing awareness of the huge and negative impacts of global warming on our natural environment, as demonstrated in the Snowy Monaro region where climate change has its own particular impacts. Donations are likely for organisations playing these important roles. The urgent reduction of feral animals across Australia requires community pressure on the political class to act.

Medium Term outcomes include politicians and government agencies with authority over the natural environment to implement new policies which offer and guarantee employment for Aboriginal people to play the vital role of 'care for country'.

The Long Term impact is a better understanding across our society that with mutual respect and recognition Indigenous and non-Indigenous people can work together to maintain our vital natural environment.


How will this documentary achieve its outcomes?

The aim of the film is to get audiences involved in progressing government policy into action on climate change. Through the film's website and social media platforms plus online resources and links will be available to assist them to campaign for a change of government policy around preservation of our natural places. They'll be encouraged to promote community screenings among friends and associates, or via partner organisations to endorse the Invasive Species Council social media strategy, and to visit wildlife support organisations – to volunteer with them and learn skills if they are interested. One example is the removal of feral horses from the Kosciuszko National Park.


How will partnerships with this project help inform the project development?

We have recently been endorsed by Reclaim Kosci, part of the Invasive Species Council who are partners. We will also be approaching the National Parks Association Vic and NSW, the Australian Wildlife Society, Australian Wildlife Conservancy, Wildcare Australia, WWF Australia, Port Macquarie Koala Hospital and the Foundation for Australia's Most Endangered Species(FAME) among others. Richard and his wife Alison are both actively involved in the Invasive Species Council and especially, post bush fires, is a critically important time to act against feral animals, their social media campaign is very active now. We have filmed with staff from the Port Macquarie Koala Hospital so we will make that approach too.

Audience Engagement and Social Impact

What actions does this project hope for its viewers after seeing this film?

The actions of audiences are critical to changing community norms and prejudices where they exist. The bush fire catastrophe of 2019-20 has brought out a variety of perspectives on the causes with our natural environment and our national parks being blamed by some. It is important for genuine measures to ameliorate climate change that the whole community be brought along on the journey. Audiences can do a range of actions from the more passive acts of signing petitions online to direct membership or subscription or donations to a range of climate change groups and wildlife groups. They might host a screening of the film and promote these activities as a consequence, or they may attend a vigil or street action that highlights the issues in the film.

Measurement and Evaluation

What is the projects indicators for success?

The indicators of success will be that the film is seen as widely as possible around Australia and internationally and that the issues it explores are acted upon in tangible ways. These will include whether the federal governments' policies on climate change action – that carbon emissions reduction targets are seriously increased – are achieved. Beyond that, the specific policy changes that state governments need to undertake would include feral animal reduction or eradication being acted upon to preserve or maintain the habitats of native animals that perish as a result, especially after serious bushfires or wildfires. Other would include the success of ensuring the health, longevity, integrity and proper government funding of national parks, including large increases in Indigenous and non-Indigenous staffing and to promote the critical role of Indigenous decision making and management of our natural heritage.